Asian Pacific American Heritage Month -Editorial

By Woohyun Song

PLACENTIA, CA – May is officially Asian Pacific American Heritage Month (formerly Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month in 2009), which celebrates and recognizes the cultural and historical effects and contributions of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders in the United States. According to a recent study by CSUSB (California State University, San Bernardino), anti-Asian hate crime has increased by 150%. With this rise in Asian American crimes in the United States, various media outlets have increased their focus this month on celebrating the heritage of these peoples this month because of this. 

According to AsianPacificHeritage.gov, although a period of time designated for these ethnic groups was initially proposed by former congressional staffer Jeanie Jew in the 1970s, this action was later introduced as a bill into the United States House of Representatives by Representatives Frank Horton and Norman Y. Mineta. In this bill, the first ten days of May were to be designated as Asian-Pacific Heritage Week. On October 5th, 1978, President Jimmy Carter signed a joint resolution for this event.

This was proposed to be in May as the first documented Japanese immigrant arrived in the United States on May 7th, 1843; as well as due to May 10th,1869 when the golden spike was driven into the First Transcontinental Railroad, which was a project that heavily relied on Chinese labor. 

Besides this, Asian Americans have been in deep involvement with not only the United States as a country but also the physical land and continent that the United States borders include even before its independence. From the first arrival of the Filipinos in 1587, the Indians in 1635, the Chinese in 1778, Native Hawaiians in 1788, the Japanese in 1806, the Koreans in 1884, the Vietnamese in 1912, among many other ethnicities, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders have been closely involved in the growth and development of the land that we call the United States today. 

Many aspects of Asian American and Pacific Islander Culture are embedded into the collective culture of the United States, from the food, to cities, and even close-by neighborhoods all across the country. During this time of both global domestic unrest, a collective effort must be made to not only stand with your friends and family, but also to the millions who are struggling globally right now. 

How to Make Dali Hui Moong and Toor Dal

By Snehal Shinh

Craving for some Indian food, but are not able to get a fix? Here is one recipe that anyone can make at home! 

Ingredients:

  1. Half a cup of moong dal (petite yellow lentils)
  2. Half a cup of toor dal (split pigeon peas)
  3. Four cups of water
  4. Two spoons of oil (or ghee)
  5. Salt as needed
  6. One tablespoon of turmeric powder
  7. One tablespoon of red chili powder
  8. One tablespoon of garam masala 
  9. One spoon of coriander powder
  10. Green chili (optional and as much as wanted)
  11. Half an onion
  12. Two tomatoes
  13. Four cloves of garlic
  14. A slice of ginger
  15. Fresh coriander leaves for garnish 

How to Make the Dal (total cook time: 20 minutes):

This dish consists of only two major steps. The second step is where most of the ingredients go, so multitasking is a great ally in speeding up the process. 

Step one: the Dal

Begin by rinsing the dal well before putting it in a pot. Then add the four cups of water and let it boil. Once the water begins to boil, set the stove to a simmer (or a low setting), allowing the dal to cook. While it is cooking, add one tablespoon of turmeric powder and salt to adjust seasoning as needed. A tell-tale sign of the dal being finished is its softness. 

Step two: the Tadka 

Tadka, in English, is known as “tempering”. This is a technique that takes whole or ground spices and is briefly roasted in oil or ghee (clarified butter). While traditionally ghee is used, oil can be used in its place. The purpose of tadka is to release essential oils-which makes the dish more aromatic. Adding tadka to an Indian dish is very common, usually with dals and sambar, which is a lentil stew with tamarind broth, though it can also be added to curries. Typically, this is added to the dish either before or after; in this case it is done after as a finishing touch. 

Continue by putting two spoons of oil or ghee in a pan. Add chopped garlic and onion to oil and begin sauteing it until it turns a light golden brown. Once that is achieved, add one spoon of coriander powder, one tablespoon of red chili, and garam masala. For those that enjoy more of a spicy flavor, add some green chilies. Mix well for two minutes on low heat, then add chopped tomatoes and ginger. After mixing this, let the tadka cook on low heat for five to ten minutes, at that point the oil should begin to start separating and the tomatoes will be cooked. It is also important to mix every so often to prevent the tadka from burning and sticking onto the pan. 

Once everything has been cooked, add the tadka to the dal and mix well. As a finishing touch, chop up some coriander leaves and garnish the dish. 

Food Review

Paired with basmati rice, roti, or naan, dali hui moong and toor dal is a classic Indian dish. Without the addition of green chilies, this dish would be perfect for those who prefer a less spicy taste. Conversely, for the spice lovers out there, add as much as wanted for that kick. Another way to boost flavors is with atchar, which is a spicy (sometimes sweet) pickle or relish of sliced vegetables or fruit. 

Texture-wise, the dish is quite soft. While this is not necessarily a bad thing, for those that love a harder or crunchier dish, this may not be a favorite. As a way to get that crunch, try some slices of raw onions on the side; not only do they add that crunchy texture, but they also bring a bit of bite. 

Overall, the dish is simple and quick to make, taking up only twenty minutes of cook time. Dali hui moong and toor dal with either rice or roti make for a perfect light lunch or dinner. 

Covid Crisis in India

If you love Indian food, please do not turn a blind eye to the coronavirus situation that has undoubtedly overwhelmed the country. As reported by NBC New in Covid-19: How India’s Crisis is Inflaming Global Vaccine Inequality, updated on April 30, 2021, at 7:48 a.m. Pacific Standard Time, India’s hospitals are overwhelmed and oxygen supply is running low. Additionally, the official death toll has passed 200,000, though experts believe that these numbers can be much larger. Due to overwhelming Covid cases,and a lack of both medical oxygen and vaccines, cities have been forced to hold mass cremations in public spaces.

For more information: https://www.nytimes.com/article/india-coronavirus-cases-deaths.html 

https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/india-passes-200-000-covid-19-deaths-new-cases-spike-n1265598

If you can donate money, here are some of the many organizations that directly help India during this crisis: 

https://covid.giveindia.org/healthcare-heroes/

https://www.unicefusa.org/stories/india-faces-brutal-covid-19-crisis-unicef-there-help/38520https://my.care.org/site/Donation2?df_id=29863&mfc_pref=T&29863.donation=form1&s_src=172120CVBHM0&s_subsrc=FY21ERIndiaCOVIDMediaOutlets

How Graduation Will Work During Covid

By Woohyun Song

PLACENTIA, CA – Although many students, teachers, and family members are or will be fully vaccinated by the time of graduation, the rise in cases in the United States is still a significant potential risk factor, with the school needing to take necessary precautions as government restrictions on large public gatherings are still in place. 

According to the COVID-19 Data Repository by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University, as of May 3rd, 2021, total cases in the United States are currently at 32,610,374, with around 3,745,021 of them from California alone. 

Because of the risks that are carried along with having such a large event during a pandemic, many additional precautionary measures have been taken this year. In a notice sent out by the Placentia-Yorba Linda Unified School District (PYLUSD) on March 24th, 2021, it was stated that the district was exploring various methods of hosting the graduation ceremonies in high schools in the district. 

As of now, the proposed measures are mostly relating to minimizing the people present at the ceremony in order to maintain social distancing measures. The measures include a maximum number of two spectators per student present at the ceremony (this may change based on updates to public health guidance and for each school), with each party socially distanced; a high quality live stream provided by the school; or an alternative, smaller graduation ceremony option for students and families who feel that the safety measures here are somewhat inadequate or unsafe based on individual circumstances. Further decisions about the graduation ceremonies are said to come from the district at the end of April.

In addition to having an abnormal graduation ceremony, high school students graduating this year are also missing out on many events and perks that often come with being a graduating senior, such as prom, parties with friends, or even having a close conversation with teachers about their future and college lives. According to Mr. Jeffery Louie, to make up for this fact, the school has implemented several actions, such as putting the senior pictures of every graduating senior in front of the school, ordering personalized lawn signs that celebrate graduation, as well as ASB planning celebration events for seniors in the final months of high school. 

The 2021 graduation schedule is now uploaded to www.pylusd.org/graduation, with information such as various updates about ceremonies or links for live streams uploaded to here. Information about spectator tickets should be released by the individual schools. Only one type of event – traditional stadium or drive up/walkthrough – may be chosen for each student. Participating students and families must fill out this survey by Friday, May 28th.

Further news of these events will be posted on the ASB Instagram page, @valenciyuhh.

Valencia FBLA Competes at State Level

By: Young Kim

PLACENTIA, CA – From April 20th to April 30th, the members of Valencia’s Future Business Leaders of America (FBLA) performed at the California FBLA State Leadership competition in an attempt to qualify for the national competition.  FBLA centers around students who want to become involved in competitions surrounding topics of leadership and business education. According to the FBLA website, it is the largest student business organization in the world with over 230,000 members. Students who compete at states look towards entering the national competition in which they compete against other students from the 50 states. 

Tests were conducted with the TechFluency testing browser in order to minimize the possibility of cheating. Competitors had to sign in through Zoom to their testing advisors with cameras on and microphones unmuted to prevent further collaboration. Like all FBLA competitions, competitors had to wear formal business clothing. 

The FBLA members performed in over 19 events with over 12 events resulting in top ten placements. These students placed, respectively: Kyle Pinto; seventh in Advertising and ninth in Agribusiness, Mary Catipay;  fifth in Digital Video Production, Lauren Kim; ninth in Economics, Alicia Mai; ninth in Introduction to Business and tenth in Introduction to Financial Math, Ryan Lee; tenth in Introduction to Business, Daeun Lee; seventh in Introduction to Business Communication and ninth in Introduction to Business Presentation, Tanya Vidhum; sixth in Introduction to Business Communication and ninth in in Introduction to Business Presentation, Erica Tobing; ninth in Introduction to Business Presentation, Steven Segawa; fifth in Introduction to Public Speaking, and Young Kim; eighth in Journalism. 

Joy Millam, the FBLA advisor for Valencia, noted how “Despite the pandemic, our chapter had a very strong showing at our Southern Section Leadership Conference which allowed many of our active members to qualify for state.” Millam views the future of FBLA positively, stating, “We are very proud to see so many of our members place in the top 10. Several were freshmen, that bodes well for the future of Valencia FBLA. “ 

At the end of the two week competition, the closing ceremony was held on April 30th at 7p.m. Viewing parties were set up through Zoom in which members congratulated one another in their results. Audrey Leung, the President  of Valencia’s FBLA stated, “This year, SLC [State Leadership Conference] was a completely unique experience due to the virtual format. The state leadership team did an outstanding job creating an online event complete with competition and career development as well as opportunities for social networking!”

Blessings Boxes

By: Amy Morrison

Placentia, CA (April 30, 2021) – According to the US Census Bureau website, as of 2019 8.1% of Placentia’s population are in poverty. This means there are 4,149 people in Placentia who struggle to make ends meet. Marilyn Anderson, an assistant leader at a community service group called Love Placentia, found and implemented an idea called Blessings Boxes to help aid those in the city that can not always afford to buy more than they need.

Blessings Boxes are an easy way to distribute food or supplies to those in need. Blessings Boxes are cupboards left in well-traveled, public places such as parks where those that have spare non-perishable food and supplies can donate them; those who need such things but do not have the means to get them can take them from the Blessings Box for free. 

The exact beginning of the ideas for Blessings Boxes is difficult to track, however the earliest it was reported was July of 2017 according to a CNN article titled, “Man Builds a Food Pantry on his lawn so the hungry can eat.”. A man named Roman Espinoza in Watertown, New York had the idea to create a food pantry available to all those who need it after learning about how a local community college had one for the students. Espinoza said in the interview with CNN that he hopes the presence of the boxes in his community will “. . .create an atmosphere of support and generosity.”

In Placentia, the Blessings Boxes work much the same as they do in Watertown. There are five different boxes set up around town where people can leave food and supplies. One of the boxes is at a local homeless shelter, HIS House and the other four are located at parks: Kock Park, McFadden Park, Parque de los Ninos, and Kraemer Park.

Valencia students and faculty have easy access to the last of those locations, Kraemer Park, which is just a short walk down to the road from campus. The Blessing Box provides an opportunity for students to donate and receive supplies in need. 

National College Decision Day

By: Vivian Wang

PLACENTIA, CA – Each year, May 1st is the official day for high school seniors to commit to colleges across the United States. For high school seniors planning on attending college, they began their application process in the fall of 2020 and gradually received decisions from their schools. Following these decision notifications, these seniors have had May 1 to officially commit to a college.

National College Decision Day falls on the first day of May each year. On this day, students can utilize hashtags including #NationalCollegeDecisionDay, #DecisionDay, and #DecisionDay2021 when posting on social media. In the weeks leading up to National College Decision Day, these students consider a variety of factors when making their college choice. These factors include financial aid, location, internship opportunities, academic programs, weather, graduation requirements, study abroad opportunities, and campus organizations.

Beyond the typical college decision approach, some individuals may also choose to defer their enrollment on National College Decision Day. This pathway means that if a high school senior originally planned on attending college in the fall of 2021, they can instead postpone their enrollment until fall of 2022. Individuals who choose to pursue this route would have a gap year in which they can engage in opportunities including jobs, internships, personal projects, or study abroad programs.

Some schools such as Stanford University and the Ivy League institutions have postponed their decision deadline so that the deadline is May 3 instead of May 1. These schools have extended the deadline so that students can make a confident decision regarding where they will be studying over the next few years.

At Valencia High School, students and staff have created an opportunity in honor of National College Decision Day. There is a video opportunity for Valencia seniors to participate in an event called Senior Lineup. Tiger Tube — Valencia’s video production class — is organizing this opportunity to celebrate the seniors’ college decisions. Valencia High School’s official Instagram account, @vhstigers, writes, “Tiger Tube wants to hear where you’re headed, seniors! Come share your story with our Senior Lineup.” Students interested in participating in this program can stop by Room 803 during fourth period or afterschool to film themselves in front of the Tiger Tube green screen.

Caroline Ives, a student in the Tiger Tube elective class, clarifies the meaning behind this video opportunity. Ives comments, “The plan is to film a ‘senior lineup’, where seniors introduce themselves and their college of choice, then to cut them all together. It would be similar to those ‘lineups’ Tiger Tube has already done for sports teams.”

In addition to the Senior Lineup video opportunity, the Valencia High School community has also distributed senior lawn signs to graduating seniors. These lawn signs include the seniors’ names on the sign so that they are personalized for each student.

Valencia High School Students Prepare for Online and In-Person AP Examinations

By: Vivian Wang

PLACENTIA, CA – As the end of the school year rapidly approaches, many students have started their test preparation for the Advanced Placement (AP) exams. Students who elect to take AP classes choose to do so for a variety of reasons, ranging from college credit to academic rigor for college applications. Traditionally, AP exams in the years prior to 2020 were offered in an in-person setting to ensure test security and mitigate possibilities for cheating; however, the testing procedure changed at the onset of the pandemic in March 2020.

Since the pandemic caused schools in the Placentia-Yorba Linda Unified School District (PYLUSD) to transition to remote learning in early 2020, the AP exams were also modified so that students could complete their AP exams from the safety of their homes. During the 2020 AP testing season, students were allowed to navigate throughout the questions so that they could revisit a question, if necessary. Additionally, official AP Live Review Sessions were hosted on YouTube so that students could receive additional support and revisit on-demand lectures.

This year’s AP testing shares many similarities when compared to the 2020 AP testing season. For instance, students are still testing during the May and June timeframe. The 2021 AP testing season consists of three different testing windows. Administration 1 is from May 3 to May 17, Administration 2 is from May 18 to May 28, and Administration 3 is from June 1 to 11. Unlike last year’s AP testing setup, this year’s AP testing consists of a mix of in-person and online examinations. Administration 1 consists solely of in-school examinations, while Administration 2 and 3 include both at-home and in-school examinations.

Students still have the option to test from the safety of their homes, with the exception of a few exams. According to the College Board’s AP Exam Guidelines for 2021, exams that must be proctored in an in-person setting include French Language, German Language, Italian Language, Spanish Language, Latin, Chinese Language, Japanese Language, and Music Theory. The College Board further elaborates that since students can have access to online translation tools in an at-home setting, the AP exams would not be an accurate representation of the students’ performance and knowledge.

For this year’s 2021 AP exams, students have also been notified that they may cancel their exams without a financial penalty. The College Board has offered this option to students who feel that they will not be able to perform as well as they hope to in an online or in-person setting. They are also offering this option so that students who have to take an in-person exam — such as a language AP exam or music theory exam — can cancel their test at no cost. In a notice sent out from Mr. Will Truong on April 26, Valencia AP students can cancel their AP exams for a full refund.

This year’s AP testing procedures vary from last year’s testing procedures because students who are taking the online exam will not be able to navigate through the exam. This rule means that once a student completes a question in the exam, they cannot revisit the specific question after they move on to the next question. In their 2021 AP exams guidebook, the College Board explains that this rule will reduce the chances of cheating.

First Day Back: Four Days a Week

By Snehal Shinh

Monday morning of April 19, 2021 saw the beginning of a return to in-person instruction. The ASB’s efforts were not unnoticed as their hard work played a huge role in the transition back into campus, along with the larger on-campus student body. Students, old and new, were met with decorations as they entered through the tiger tunnel and  posters were placed throughout campus. The lighthearted rivalry between the classes through the Clash of the Classes and a spirit week with lunchtime activities added to the school spirit

For many students, this was their first experience on campus, but thankfully, ASB and Link Crew worked together to give aid and directions to anyone that needed it. Link Crew members met early Monday morning at 6:30 AM, handing out locator cards, and giving tours of the campus before and throughout the rest of the day. Robecca Bonet-Correa, a Link Crew Advisor and AP Environmental Science and Biology teacher, comments, “I had a freshman in one of my classes who needed help finding her art class. I was able to track down a link leader and they helped direct her to her class. I know that the student was very grateful for Link Leader’s help.” 

How a Comeback was Possible

Valencia’s first day back went successfully through the meticulous organization and planning done by the Placentia Yorba-Linda School District. This comeback for in-person learning would have not been possible without the updated guidelines. Students and staff on campus continued to wear masks and plexiglass barriers remained on desks. With the new guidelines for social distancing in classrooms being three feet, teachers accommodated space by reconfiguring their classrooms and removing unnecessary furniture. An update by the district listed many of the new measures such as an enhanced disinfecting protocol and upgraded MERV-13 filters for all air conditioning units.

Overall, students on campus were doing their part to remain safe on campus; however, in the instances these guidelines were not followed, students would be given a warning with the potential to face remote learning for the remainder of the year if offenses continue. Additionally, students were no longer allowed to switch between in-person and online instruction, resulting in in-person students marked as absent if not on campus, with the exception of Covid-19 diagnoses for mandatory quarantine. 

The Big Why

“The push for combining cohorts happened because we had the space available,” stated Paige Stills, Valencia’s assistant principal. Assistant principal Stills believed that students need the social interaction that comes with learning in person as much as the academic aspect. Of course, there are plenty of students that have enjoyed-even excelled in online learning, so the opportunity to continue learning online remained. 

According to the district, the plan for next year is to be fully in person. Stills stated, “[distance learning] is in response to a pandemic that we’ve never had before. This is not going to be the norm for teacher instruction.” Remaining hopeful, Stills believed that by fall Valencia will be making a full comeback, as long as cases lessen and the number of vaccinations increase. 

Clash of Classes

By: Amy Morrison

Placentia, C.A. (April 23, 2021) – The week of April 19 to the 23, the four grade levels of Valencia High School participated in the “Clash of Classes” competition. The contest, put on annually by the ASB, is used as a way to brew friendly competition between the classes while bringing the student body closer together.

Clash of Classes is a week-long competition among the freshmen, sophomores, juniors, and seniors of Valencia where each class strives to have the most points by Friday. There are many opportunities throughout the week for members of each class to add points to their class total. This year, each day of the week was a different dress up day where students wore clothes that adhered to a specific theme. The students that did dress up checked in with ASB representatives during lunch or break so that their points can be added to their class’s. Another way for classes to get points was to participate in games at lunch. Every day at lunch a representative from each class was chosen to participate in a mini game where the winner’s class gets points.

Roman Tijerina, a senior in ASB, gave some insight about what Clash of Classes was like for those that helped set up and run the contest. In regards to ASB’s goal for Clash of Classes this year, Tijerina said “The ASB was really just trying to bring a little bit of normalcy to the school after such a crazy year. Having no assemblies and less activities overall sucks so whatever we can do to connect with students we try to do.” He also stated that there was a lot more participation by the students in Clash of Classes than ASB anticipated.

As for his own opinions about how Clash of Classes went as a whole, Tijerina said “It went great for a pandemic and honestly pretty great regardless. I know the students will be hyped for next year.”

Valencia High School vs Kennedy High School Football Game

By: Chloe Bruno

On March 25, 2021, the Valencia Tigers competed against the Fighting Irish of Kennedy High School in a football game. The game was played at Bradford Stadium, where Frosh/Soph played at 2PM and Varsity played at 7PM. This is the third game of the season and second game of league. The Tigers are playing in the classic blue and gold with the tiger paw on their helmet. 

The Frosh/Soph game against the Fighting Irish started 0-0 in the first quarter. As half time approached, Valencia Tigers made a field goal to get the Tigers 3 points; however, the Fighting Irish got the touchdown leaving the second quarter score at 3-7. By the third quarter no points were scored for the Tigers but the Fighting Irish scored another touchdown and an extra point was rewarded for a successful kick, leaving the third quarter score to be 3-15. In the fourth quarter no points were scored by either of the teams leaving the final score 3-15, and resulting in the Fighting Irish winning the frosh/soph game. 

The varsity game was a long awaited event for the Tigers where in the first quarter both the Tigers and the Fighting Irish scored a touchdown and a field goal, tyng the first quarter score at 7-7. In the second quarter, the Tigers scored two touchdowns and were each followed by a point from a successful field goal. 

During halftime, Valencia’s cheer team cheered on the sideline of the football field transitioning to the third quarter. Into the third quarter, the Tigers scored another touchdown and another field goal, awarding them 7 more points. The Fighting Irish were left short; they scored no points this quarter. By the end of the third quarter, the score was 28-7. The Fighting Irish were able to get a touchdown and a successful field goal gaining them 7 points; however, the Tigers made two touchdowns and made both field goals successfully for a total of 14 points. The Valencia Tigers won the game leaving the final score of the game to be 42-14.

As of March 25 the Empire League record was 1-1 for the Tigers. The Tigers next game will be against the Pacifca Mariners for an away game on April 2nd at 7PM. The JV football team will also be playing against the Pacifca Mariners on April 1st at 3PM in the Bradford Stadium.